The Medieval Manuscript: How Documents Were Created in the Middle Ages

An illustrated prayer book or Bible was one of the most rare and valuable possessions a medieval person could own. The traditional image of a medieval manuscript is a highly illustrated and detailed document written in a beautiful hand. Creating and writing a medieval manuscript was a process which took weeks to complete, making written … Read moreThe Medieval Manuscript: How Documents Were Created in the Middle Ages

A History of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is a series of chronological histories, dating from the ninth century to the twelfth century. Although only nine copies of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle survive, at one time, there were multiple copies of the Chronicle, which were distributed to religious houses throughout England, with further copies being made by monks. Once copies had been made … Read moreA History of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Hywel Dda, Lawmaker of Early Wales

Hywel Dda, translated as “Howell the Good”, ruled Deheubarth in 10th-century SW Wales and left a body of codified law which had centuries of influence. Hywel Dda (Hywel ap Cadell), grandson of legendary Welsh king Rhodri Mawr, did not just inherit his title and epithet from his heroic family, but earned it through education, wise … Read moreHywel Dda, Lawmaker of Early Wales

Rhymney – a Valley in Wales, a Reef in Australia

By the mid 19th century, South Wales was synonymous with mining. Within decades, immigrants had created something similar on the other side of the world Wherever travellers set up home, they always bring something of their past with them. Take Australia for example. The country is littered with English place names – Darlington, Exeter, Croydon, … Read moreRhymney – a Valley in Wales, a Reef in Australia

The Welsh Not: How Welsh Language, and Welsh Culture was Nearly Killed

In Wales, Welsh school children were punished for speaking their own language, in the belief that the English language would solve all their educational problems. Welsh is the oldest language in Europe, dating back at least 2500 years. However, it nearly died out in the 19th century, due to a belief that English was superior, … Read moreThe Welsh Not: How Welsh Language, and Welsh Culture was Nearly Killed

The History of Stirling Castle, Scotland

Dominating the landscape, Stirling Castle has been a royal palace and military fortess. More recently, its history has made it a popular visitor attraction. Castles, in the shape of the fortified buildings which we know today, came to Scotland only in the twelfth century (Chris Tabraham). There was certainly a royal fortress at Stirling by … Read moreThe History of Stirling Castle, Scotland