Hywel Dda, Lawmaker of Early Wales

Hywel Dda, translated as “Howell the Good”, ruled Deheubarth in 10th-century SW Wales and left a body of codified law which had centuries of influence. Hywel Dda (Hywel ap Cadell), grandson of legendary Welsh king Rhodri Mawr, did not just inherit his title and epithet from his heroic family, but earned it through education, wise … Read moreHywel Dda, Lawmaker of Early Wales

Rhymney – a Valley in Wales, a Reef in Australia

By the mid 19th century, South Wales was synonymous with mining. Within decades, immigrants had created something similar on the other side of the world Wherever travellers set up home, they always bring something of their past with them. Take Australia for example. The country is littered with English place names – Darlington, Exeter, Croydon, … Read moreRhymney – a Valley in Wales, a Reef in Australia

The Welsh Not: How Welsh Language, and Welsh Culture was Nearly Killed

In Wales, Welsh school children were punished for speaking their own language, in the belief that the English language would solve all their educational problems. Welsh is the oldest language in Europe, dating back at least 2500 years. However, it nearly died out in the 19th century, due to a belief that English was superior, … Read moreThe Welsh Not: How Welsh Language, and Welsh Culture was Nearly Killed

The History of Stirling Castle, Scotland

Dominating the landscape, Stirling Castle has been a royal palace and military fortess. More recently, its history has made it a popular visitor attraction. Castles, in the shape of the fortified buildings which we know today, came to Scotland only in the twelfth century (Chris Tabraham). There was certainly a royal fortress at Stirling by … Read moreThe History of Stirling Castle, Scotland

List of Edwardian Black Listed Drunks

The demon rum has claimed many victims over the years and the rather pathetic parade of topers published by Ancestry.co.uk (March 2010) is typical of the breed. The Birmingham Pub Blacklist The genealogy search company has posted a “Birmingham Pub Blacklist, detailing the drunkards whose loutish behaviour saw them barred from the city’s pubs and clubs at the turn … Read moreList of Edwardian Black Listed Drunks

The Californian Controversy

Some have suggested that the Californian did not see the Titanic‘s rockets, but rather flares fired from a fishing boat to alert its longboats to its position. However, there is no contemporary support for that theory; Gibson and Stone testified specifically that they saw white rockets, not flares. Captain Smith and the Improper Distress Signal? When one concedes … Read moreThe Californian Controversy